(OFLOXACIN 50 MG& ORNIDAZOLE 50 MG)
Packing: – 30Ml
Ofloxacin is a quinolone/fluoroquinolone antibiotic. Ofloxacin is bactericidal and its mode of action depends on blocking of bacterial DNA replication by binding itself to an enzyme called DNA gyrase, which allows the untwisting required to replicate one DNA double helix into two. Notably the drug has 100 times higher affinity for bacterial DNA gyrase than for mammalian. Ofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
Mechanism of action:-Ofloxacin acts on DNA gyrase and toposiomerase IV, enzymes which, like human topoisomerase, prevents the excessive supercoiling of DNA during replication or transcription. By inhibiting their function, the drug thereby inhibits normal cell division. ABSORPTION: -Bioavailability of ofloxacin in the tablet formulation is approximately 98% METABOLISM: – Hepatic
ROUTE of ELIMINATION: – Elimination is mainly by renal excretion. Between 65% and 80% of an administered oral dose of ofloxacin is excreted unchanged via the kidneys within 48 hours of dosing. Four to eight percent of an ofloxacin dose is excreted in the feces. This indicates a small degree of biliary excretion of ofloxacin.
HALF-LIFE:- 9 hours
Mechanism of Action: – Ornidazole is a nitro imidazole which has broad spectrum cidal activity against Protozoa and some anaerobic bacteria. Its selective toxicity to anaerobic microbes involves
1. Drug enters the cell by diffusion,
2. Nitro group of drug is reduced by redox proteins present only in anaerobic organisms to reactive nitro radical which excerts cytotoxic action by damaging DNA and other critical biomolecules.
3. DNA helix destabilization &strand breakage has been observed.
• Absorption: Well absorbed orally,
• Distribution: Widely distributed,
• Metabolism: Metabolized in liver by conjugation,
• Excretion: Excreted in urine and small portion is excreted in bile
• Half-Life: – 12 to 14 hours
• GIT infections
• Acute diarrhoea of mixed origin
• Dental infections
• Gynecological infections
• ENT infections
• Skin & soft tissue infections
• Surgical infections